How can I do this? You can run a script that is executed when the instance launches by adding it to user data. When you add the script to user data, you must enclose it within a special tag. When you launch a new EC2 Windows instance, you can specify user data during configuration to execute a custom script at startup.
How to Launch and Administer a Windows Server 2012 R2 Instance on an AWS EC2
Select an instance type, and then choose Next: Configure Instance Details. For Advanced Detailsenter your custom script in the User data text box.
Be sure to use the correct tag. Note : To execute user data scripts every time you reboot or restart the instance, add the following:. For additional troubleshooting, EC2Launch and EC2Config log files contain the output from the standard output and standard error streams. Log files are located as follows:. How do I run a command on a new EC2 Windows instance at launch?
Last updated: Select an AMI, and then choose Launch. Complete the launch wizard to start the instance. Did this article help you?
Anything we could improve? Let us know.
Need more help? Contact AWS Support.If you've got a moment, please tell us what we did right so we can do more of it. Thanks for letting us know this page needs work. We're sorry we let you down. If you've got a moment, please tell us how we can make the documentation better. By default, Setup replaces your settings files with default settings files during installation and restarts the EC2Config service when the installation is completed.
If you changed EC2Config service settings, copy the config. After you update the EC2Config service, you can restore this file to retain your configuration changes. If your version of EC2Config is earlier than version 2. To install version 2. Use the following procedure to verify the version of EC2Config that is installed on your instances.
In the list of installed programs, look for Ec2ConfigService. Its version number appears in the Version column. Use the following procedure to download and install the latest version of EC2Config on your instances. Download and unzip the EC2Config installer. Run EC2Install. By default, setup displays prompts. To keep the custom settings from the config. If you are running EC2Config version 4. The updated EC2Config version information will not appear in the instance System Log or Trusted Advisor check until you reboot or stop and start your instance.
Verify that you have. NET framework 3. In Control Panel, select Programs and Features. Document Conventions.If you've got a moment, please tell us what we did right so we can do more of it. Thanks for letting us know this page needs work. We're sorry we let you down.
If you've got a moment, please tell us how we can make the documentation better. An instance is a virtual server in the AWS cloud. With Amazon EC2, you can set up and configure the operating system and applications that run on your instance. If you created your AWS account less than 12 months ago, and have not already exceeded the free tier benefits for Amazon EC2, it will not cost you anything to complete this tutorial, because we help you select options that are within the free tier benefits.
Otherwise, you'll incur the standard Amazon EC2 usage fees from the time that you launch the instance until you terminate the instance which is the final task of this tutorialeven if it remains idle. When you launch your instance, you secure it by specifying a key pair and security group. When you connect to your instance, you must specify the private key of the key pair that you specified when launching your instance.
This tutorial is intended to help you launch your first instance quickly, so it doesn't cover all possible options. For more information about the advanced options, see Launching an Instance.
Notice that these AMIs are marked "Free tier eligible. On the Choose an Instance Type page, you can select the hardware configuration of your instance. Select the t2. Notice that this instance type is eligible for the free tier. Choose Review and Launch to let the wizard complete the other configuration settings for you. On the Review Instance Launch page, under Security Groupsyou'll see that the wizard created and selected a security group for you.
You can use this security group, or alternatively you can select the security group that you created when getting set up using the following steps:. On the Configure Security Group page, ensure that Select an existing security group is selected.
Select your security group from the list of existing security groups, and then choose Review and Launch. On the Review Instance Launch page, choose Launch. When prompted for a key pair, select Choose an existing key pairthen select the key pair that you created when getting set up.
Alternatively, you can create a new key pair. Select Create a new key pairenter a name for the key pair, and then choose Download Key Pair. This is the only chance for you to save the private key file, so be sure to download it.
Save the private key file in a safe place. You'll need to provide the name of your key pair when you launch an instance and the corresponding private key each time you connect to the instance.
Don't select the Proceed without a key pair option.Examples for this could be:. AWS gives you, as the provisioner of instances, the capability of injecting code into the launch process of an EC2 instance, no matter if you go straight to EC2 or use for example CloudFormation to deploy your infrastructure. UserData is code that is executed on instances upon instance launch. On Windows that code can come in two flavours, script and powershell. UserData is a block of code with a maximum size of 16kb, after it has been encoded to Base A very basic test showed me that around lines of PowerShell encoded into Base64 equal around 16kb.
UserData on Windows can call two different shells, well, the two that exist on Windows except for Bash, for now? Part of this CloudFormation template would be the UserData block as you can see below. This example json is used to configure the local proxy on an instance leveraging the script call.
When both script and powershell are used in a userdata block then the batch script always gets executed first, no matter in what order the blocks are put in the userdata field. My recommendation is to only use script or powershellnot both. The Ref calls are used to gather input parameters to the CloudFormation script. If you are going straight to the aws cli to provision your instances then using the userdata script is just as easy.
If yes, then New-EC2Instance has two parameters that will help you pass in your userdata into a new instance. If not, and you are on WMF5 or have PackageManagement installed on your machine, then run the following command to install it from the command line:. Depending on what you need to do you need to be aware of the execution context of your userdata script. Here you will be able to see the resulting script and check if your parameters were passed into your userdata script correctly for example.
Just recently I was tasked to find a product that, amongst others, does the following things: check infrastructure code for compliance be multi cloud c Version 2 released later that Sadly, application deployments that require downtime of your environment are still a common practice, sometimes it is because people do not know better and s Interested in all things around cloud automation.
Leave a Comment. Cloud Governance - The Best Way 4 minutes read Just recently I was tasked to find a product that, amongst others, does the following things: check infrastructure code for compliance be multi cloud c Azure Front Door to Support Deployments 2 minutes read Sadly, application deployments that require downtime of your environment are still a common practice, sometimes it is because people do not know better and sAmazon Lightsail is the easiest way to get started on AWS.
It offers virtual servers, storage, databases and networking, plus a cost-effective, monthly plan. In this tutorial, you create a Windows Server instance in Amazon Lightsail in seconds. Get started with Amzon Lightsail for free. Already have an account?
Choose Create instance in the Instances tab of the Lightsail home page. Choose Change Region and Availability Zone to create your instance in another location. Choose the Microsoft Windows platform option, and choose OS only to view the operating system-only instance images available in Lightsail. To learn more about Lightsail instance images, see Choose an Amazon Lightsail instance image. Optional Choose Add launch script to add a PowerShell script that will run on your instance when it launches.how to create ec2 instance in aws step by step - Amazon Web Services EC2
We'll credit one free month to your account. Within minutes, your Windows Server instance is ready, and you can connect to it using the browser-based RDP client in the Lightsail console.
The browser-based RDP client window appears. You can use, and manage your instance without configuring a third-party RDP client. To get the administrator password for your Windows Server instance, choose the name of the Windows Server instance in the Instances tab of the Lightsail home page.
Choose the Connect tab, scroll down to the Default login credentials section of the page, and choose Show default password. Important : If you changed the administrator password after signing in to your Windows Server instance, then the administrator password displayed in the Lightsail console is no longer valid. Now that you can connect to your instance, what you do next depends on how you plan to use it. For example, you can:.
You can launch instances, databases, SSD-based storage, transfer data, monitor your resources, and so much more in a managed way. Create a static IP address for your instance to keep the same IP address each time you stop and start your Lightsail instance. Create a snapshot of your instance to keep as a backup. Attach a disk to your instance to add more storage space.
Create an Amazon Lightsail account. This tutorial is free tier eligible. Sign-up for AWS. Create a Windows Server instance in Amazon Lightsail. Configure the instance. Choose the Windows Server image.
Choose your instance plan. Learn more on our Lightsail pricing page. Enter a name for your instance. Optional Choose one of the following options to add tags to your instance: Optional Add key-only tags — Enter your new tag into the tag key text box, and press Enter. Optional Create a key-value tag — Enter a key into the Key text box, and a value into the Value text box.
Key-value tags can only be added one at a time before saving. To add more than one key-value tag, repeat the previous steps.
AWS EC2 userdata on Windows
For more information about key-only and key-value tags, see Tags in Amazon Lightsail. Chose Create instance.How can I do this? You can run a script that executes after the instance reboots or starts by adding it to user data. When you add the script to user data, you must enclose it within a special tag.
This tag determines whether the commands run in a Command Prompt window or run in Windows PowerShell. To add or change user data, the instance must be in the stopped state.
User data scripts aren't automatically executed when you reboot or start the instance. You can enable user data execution the next time, or every time, that you reboot or start the instance. Connect to your EC2 Windows instance. For Windows Server or lateropen a Windows PowerShell command window and then run the following command:. From the Amazon EC2 consolestop the instance. Select the instance. Add or update the user data, and then choose Save. Note : To execute user data scripts every time you reboot or restart the instance, add the following:.
Start the instance. The user data scripts executes as part of the instance start process. For additional troubleshooting, EC2Launch and EC2Config log files contain the output from the standard output and standard error streams.
Log files are located as follows:. How do I run a command on a new EC2 Windows instance at launch? Last updated: Warning : Before you stop an instance, be aware of the following: If you're not using an Elastic IP Addressthe public IP address is released when you stop the instance. If this instance has an instance store volumeany data on it is lost when the instance is stopped. If the instance shutdown behavior is set to Terminatethe instance terminates when it is stopped.Customers have been running Windows workloads on AWS for over a decade.
We run nearly 2x more Windows Server instances than the next largest cloud provider, according to an IDC report.
You can select from a number of Windows Server versions including the latest version, Windows Server AWS also has the first and only fully managed native-Windows file system available in the cloud with FSx for Windows File Server and is the only cloud provider to provide production support for Kubernetes on Windows.
Upgrade your legacy Windows Server applications to latest supported versions of Windows Server without any code changes. AWS offers the best cloud for Windows, and it is the right cloud platform for running Windows-based applications today and in the future. Windows on Amazon EC2 enables you to increase or decrease capacity within minutes, not hours or days.
You can commission one, hundreds, or even thousands of server instances simultaneously.
Windows Amazon EC2 tutorial: How to set up an EC2 instance
AWS offers a far broader selection of services along with much deeper functionality within most of these services than any other cloud provider.
We have the widest selection of cloud services, including 48 services where comparable options are simply not available on the next largest cloud provider, including deeper functionality for Windows such as the AWS Deep Learning AMI for Microsoft Windows Server, the only production support for Kubernetes on Windows, and the first and only fully managed native-Windows file system available in the cloud with FSx for Windows File Server.
We have the best global infrastructure for running workloads that require high availability with 69 Availability Zones AZ across 22 Regions. AWS offers security, compliance, and governance services and key features which is about 40 more than the next largest cloud provider. For encryption, all AWS services that store customer data offer the ability to encrypt that data and we offer encryption across different AWS services which is 5X more than the next largest cloud provider.
Customers have the flexibility to choose from a variety of available licensing options, including buying fully compliant licenses from AWS with a pay-as-you-go model, or bringing their eligible licenses to AWS.
NET workloads on cloud native, Linux, and open source solutions. When customers move their Windows workloads to AWS, here are just some of the popular services that they can use as part of their deployments. Choice of several versions of Microsoft SQL Server offers you the flexibility to run a database server for as much or as little time as you need, with complete control over the Windows Server settings.
Fully managed relational database service that offers SQL Server, and while offloading database administration tasks like managing backups, detecting failures and recovering and much more, data transfer, DNS management, and a static IP — for a low, predictable price.
Managed Microsoft Active Directory in the AWS Cloud for organizations that rely on Active Directory for identity and access management and want close integration with your existing infrastructure. Administrators create customized licensing rules to manage, discover, and report software license usage. Customers can also use MAP for Windows to modernize these workloads on cloud native, Linux, and other open source solutions.
As part of this program, customers get prescriptive guidance, specialist consulting support, tooling, training, and services credits. With MAP for Windows, customers can reduce their risk of migrating to the cloud, and offset the initial cost of migration or modernization.
Amazon WorkSpaces is a desktop-as-a-service solution that lets you centrally manage your desktops and securely deliver them to any user. You can easily scale to any number of users across the globe without acquiring, provisioning, and operating hardware or infrastructure.
And, you pay either monthly or hourly, just for the WorkSpaces you launch. Ancestrya leader in consumer genomics, needed to support continued growth and cloud acceleration. Ancestry deployed a well-architected approach on AWS, moving business critical workloads with 10 PB of data, apps, and instances, including their SQL databases and Microsoft workloads. Now, they are all-in development in the cloud, enabling more rapid innovation by leveraging over 30 AWS services.
Ancestry has seen up to a 10x performance improvement in their applications, all while achieving enhanced security for their deployments and driving continuous innovation for the future. Hess Corporationa leading global independent energy company, identified a need to streamline its business.
Hess was able to leverage a hybrid-approach, while reporting higher availability, improved performance, and agility. Infora global leader in enterprise ERP software cloud products for industries including Manufacturing, Healthcare, and Retail, adopts an all-AWS strategy to save time and money as they manage their exponential business growth. Unilever needed to support hundreds of web properties around the world.
In addition to realizing the benefits of improved business agility and operational efficiency, "We can focus on innovation rather than infrastructure", says Sreenivas Yalamanchili, Digital Marketing Services Global Technical Manager. Expedia is committed to continuous innovation, with technology and platform improvements to create a great user experience.